Location:Home > news > Osteoporosis Guide in Pictures: Brittle Bones, Treatments, and More

Osteoporosis Guide in Pictures: Brittle Bones, Treatments, and More

Time:2017-08-21 05:46Shoes websites Click:

slideshow slide show Pictures Bo slideshows

Slideshow: A Visual Guide to Osteoporosis

Normal and Osteoporosis Bones

1 / 25

What Is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis means "porous bones." Our bones are strongest at about age 30, then begin to lose density. More than 10 million Americans have osteoporosis, which is significant bone loss that increases the risk of fracture. About half of women 50 and older will have an osteoporosis-related fracture in their lifetime.

Swipe to advance

Osteoporosis Stages

2 / 25

Symptoms of Osteoporosis

You might not even realize you have osteoporosis until you have a fracture or an obvious change in posture. In fact, you could have significant bone loss without even knowing it. Back pain, caused by changes in the vertebrae, may be the first sign that something is wrong.

Swipe to advance

Xray Showing Fractured Hip

3 / 25

Osteoporosis and Fractures

Osteoporosis is the underlying cause of 1.5 million fractures every year. Spinal compression fractures are the most common -- tiny fractures that can cause the vertebrae to collapse and alter the shape of the spine. Hip fractures can cause lasting mobility problems and even increase the risk of death. Wrist, pelvic, and other fractures are also common in people with osteoporosis.

Swipe to advance

Osteoclast Cell On Bone

4 / 25

What Causes Osteoporosis?

Our bones are constantly being rebuilt throughout our lifetime. Bones are made up of collagen, a protein that provides the basic framework, and calcium phosphate, a mineral that hardens the bone. As we age, we lose more bone than we replace. The greatest change in a woman's bone density comes in the five to seven years after menopause.

The green, oblong shape in the illustration is an osteoclast, a cell that breaks down bone.

Swipe to advance

Older Women In Swimsuits

5 / 25

Does Everyone Get Osteoporosis?

Bone loss is a natural part of aging, but not everyone will lose enough bone density to develop osteoporosis. However, the older you are, the greater your chance of having osteoporosis. Women's bones are generally thinner than men's and bone density has a rapid decline for a time after menopause, so it's not surprising that about 80% of Americans with osteoporosis are women.

Swipe to advance

Older Woman And Younger Man In Gym

6 / 25

Risk Factors You Can't Control

Women who are thin and have a small frame are more likely to develop osteoporosis. Heredity plays a role, and so does ethnicity. It is more common among whites and Asians, though African-Americans and Hispanics may still be at risk. Some conditions, such as type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and hormonal disorders are also linked to bone loss.

Swipe to advance

Avoid Drinking And Smoking

7 / 25

Risk Factors You Can Control

Smoking, an inactive lifestyle, and a diet low in calcium and vitamin D place you at greater risk for osteoporosis. Excess drinking is linked to bone loss and a risk of fractures. Corticosteroids, anti-inflammatory drugs used to treat asthma and other conditions, increase your risk of bone loss. Eating disorders (anorexia nervosa or bulimia) can also take a toll on bone health.

Swipe to advance

Copyright infringement? Click Here!